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How Pruning Helps a Fruit Tree's Health and Longevity

Gardener pruning old tree with pruning shears
When a fruit tree is young, it can benefit from careful pruning to encourage a long, healthy lifespan. However, pruning a tree is both and art and a science, and many people can actually cripple their tree by pruning it poorly. The right techniques are essential to reap the benefits of tree trimming.
Here's how good pruning techniques promote health and longevity for the fruit trees in your yard.  

Promotes Proper Growth Patterns

Each tree has a desirable growth structure. When a tree is young, it is easier to see the central leader of a tree and help the branches grow out in a way that provides balance to the tree. When a tree is balanced, especially as it ages, it has more structural stability. This stability helps the tree to weather storms with greater ease. 
On the converse side, when a tree has bad growth patterns because of early disease, insect infestation, poor pruning, or poor location, it suffers. The tree might have lopsided branches, be too top heavy, struggle to maintain enough foliage, or produce branches that are too weak to survive severe weather. 
You should be interested in good pruning for safety reasons. Trees with better growth patterns are less likely to fall on your home or send a nearby branch down on top of your parked car. Save yourself future time and expense by investing in good tree care when your trees are young enough to be coaxed into the best growth possible.  
Pruning back branches while encouraging others to grow takes knowledge of how a tree grows and recovers. Some trees grow differently than others, requiring different pruning practices. 

Helps Control Fruit and Seed Production

One of the reasons why proper pruning can be so important for the health of a fruit tree is because trees left to their own devices sometimes struggle to maintain their health in a way that increases their overall lifespan. A tree left alone would produce many fruits, but it would also need energy for growing shoots, foliage, suckers, and new buds.
Each type of growth requires energy from the tree. If the tree is spread thinly, no feature of the tree shines; the tree is mediocre and will live an average lifespan. This situation is fine in the forest, where the tree returns to the soil to nourish the seedlings sprouting from the ground.
However, a dying tree in your own yard is less desirable. You also will have fewer spring flowers, fewer seeds, and the fruit your tree produces will be less tasty or less beautiful. Your tree will have a harder time healing from wounds or storm damage. 
 
Pruning away excess new growth, trimming off green fruits, and cutting out dead or dying branches helps to direct the bulk of the tree's energy to the remaining branches and fruits. You will have less fruit, but the fruit you do have will be larger, better tasting, and often better to look at. Remaining branches will be stronger with more effective and full foliage. 

Improves the Beauty of a Tree

A tree is not just for shade and privacy; it is for beauty. When a tree is not following a good growth pattern, it does not look as nice as a tree with a straight main leader and even branch distribution. An overgrown tree without shapely gaps and spaces for light looks cumbersome and heavy in a landscape. 
When a tree has dead or dying branches, these features take away from the living leaves and foliage, making the tree look scraggly and weak. 
Your fruit tree can be strong, beautiful, and have a long lifespan. Contact us at Imperial Tree to take care of your young fruit trees.